Soil remediation refers to the various methods used to clean contaminants from soil. In the case of homeowners, this contaminated soil remediation is usually a result of oil leaks from underground tanks. Other types of environmental cleanup efforts are known as environmental remediation and can include not only soil cleanup, but also purification of air and water. All remediation efforts are meant to repair damage done by contaminants to the Earth’s ecology. Soil remediation companies such as Environmental NJ Pros are often licensed by the state in which they operate to provide remediation that is government certified.
While soil remediation at the highest level is defined by the federal government, most state Departments of Environmental Protection have their own stringent soil remediation methods and soil remediation definition. These have been put into place to ensure that remediation efforts are consistent and effective no matter which licensed contractor performs them.
Currently there are several soil remediation technologies used in dealing with soil contamination. The decision regarding which method to use can be complex and involves a number of factors. Any impact to humans living in the area is of course of paramount importance, but other considerations include the effect of remediation on wildlife in the area, the type of contamination present, and how successful the soil remediation method is expected to be. Soil remediation costs also play a role in the decision, but it is usually a very minor role that is overshadowed by the aforementioned considerations. In some cases, a given tract of land may undergo several types of remediation when there are multiple contaminants present.
The most common soil remediation practice, and the one typically used when dealing with oil contamination, is excavation and dredging of the impacted area. In this case, the contaminated soil is physically removed from the location and transported to a specially designated landfill. Typically the removed soil is replaced with clean landfill and the area is then certified contaminant free.
Another soil remediation process that can be used is called pump and treat. This method treats not only the soil, but also the groundwater. Various methods can be used to remove the contaminated groundwater, which is then purified. While removing and purifying the groundwater, soil is also removed and filtered in order to remove contaminates. The soil is then returned to its original location. The purified water is also returned, and thus the area is returned to a pristine state.
Remediation technology is always improving and new methods of soil remediation are always being developed. One promising technology is soil bioremediation, where the soil is cleaned using biological organisms. As technology improves, even lands which are currently considered uninhabitable will one day be made safe for wildlife, agriculture and human habitation.
Environmental NJ Pros is at the forefront of soil remediation in New Jersey. Their staff includes licensed remediation experts with decades of experience in soil remediation. If you have a soil contamination problem, contact them today for an evaluation on soil remediation service.